Today, 31st of July 2012, Denmark dispatches the official expedition from Svalbard off northern Norway, in order to gather seismic and depth data to substantiate a future possible claim on the North Pole.
Before 2014, Kingdom of Denmark will make an official claim to the North Pole possibly setting a tug – of – war with Russia and Canada over the seabed resources lying on the top of the world.
Danish claim would be made under the United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). It would map five sections of continental shelf to include four of them around Faroe Islands and one around Greenland with the area reaching the North Pole. Both, Greenland and Faroe Islands are self – governing territories under the Kingdom of Denmark.
It is a fact, that melting Arctic sea ice will in very near future greatly open the door for inexpensive exploitation of northern oil and gas resources.
The Danish claim is to include the area of roughly 150.000 sq km north of Greenland. However, to be able to proceed with the statement, Denmark will have to prove by providing scientific data, that the Lomonosov Ridge which lies across the North Poole, is the extention of Greenlandic land mass.
Up until now, Denmark managed to identify five potential claim areas around the southern part of Greenland and south of Faroe Islands.
United Nation Convention on Law of the Sea entered into force and by the year of 1998 was accepted by 127 states. Few governments, which did not ratify the Convention, in between United States, Belgium and Canada, have already signed the Implementation Agreement, what surly shows that even when not ratified, the Convention with its universal approach, contributes with a great impact, to domestic rules of various countries.
The map on the right presents the current Arctic boundaries. Please, click here to access more Arctic - related interactive maps.
In order to encourage a forum for knowledge exchange and ideas sharing in polar glaciology, polar oceanography, polar atmospheric science, polar space physics, polar geology, polar geophysics, polar geochemistry, polar biology and ecology, polar medicine, Antarctic astronomy, polar environment observation, polar engineering as well as polar information service and management.
The manuscript can be submitted on line. The general objective in decision making process is to inform authors within four weeks of submission. Following acceptance, a paper will normally be published in the next issue.
APS is a comprehensive academic journal dedicated to presentation of multi-disciplinary achievements in Arctic and Antarctic expeditions and research. Its primary purpose is to publish achievements in fundamental research, applied research and high-tech research focused or based on the polar regions, and to report the latest discoveries, inventions, theories and methodologies in polar research.
The scope of the journal covers a range of disciplines including polar glaciology, polar oceanography, polar atmospheric science, polar space physics, polar geology, polar geophysics, polar geochemistry, polar biology and ecology, polar medicine, Antarctic astronomy, polar environment observation, polar engineering as well as polar information service and management.
With regards to any further information and instructions about the papers´ submission, please visit the website or send your enquiry to: firstname.lastname@example.org
All across its length, Russia´s territory reaches up toward the Pole, giving it the broad belt of land being situated within the Arctic Circle.
In the north – east part of the East European Plain, where forests cover over 70 % of the territory, Komi Republic is located. It is a federal subject of Russia with the population a little bit over 900.000 inhabitants.
There are representatives of close to 130 different nationalities live in the Republic of Komi. The duty to regulate the republic´s international relations is endowed with the Ministry of National Policy of the Republic of Komi.
It aims to unite efforts of various state players and bring together political, social and cultural movements in order to preserve and promote national culture, language and traditions.
There are close to 400.000 aboriginal, Komi people. Approximately 125.000 live in the Komi Republic itself. The population is however not recognized as indigenous as the Russian law only allows this status for groups which are not larger than 50.000.
It is a shame to admit that the Komi language is no longer used in schools or any of the public – government institutions and very few local Russian can speak it.
The changing world and developing global concepts create more and more challenges for the local government to establish strategies and targets in order to maintain the traditional knowledge of the first settlers.
The Republic´s most valuable natural resources are to include coal, oil, natural gas, gold, diamonds and timber. The volume of reserves and production of fossil fuels in the area makes it the main fuel supply region for the European North of Russia.
With the large water resources, Komi Republic is a zone of extreme moisture. A significant predominance of atmospheric precipitation over evaporation, the topography and geological structure, determine the higher waterlogged and well – developed drainage network.
With the area, being almost totally covered with trees, the Republic of Komi is one of the forestry leading regions in Russia.
There are more than 4.000 different animal species to be found all around the Republic of Komi.
There are more than 100 of them, being highly protected. The most valuable economically animals are to include salmon, elk, bear, whitefish, beaver and many more.
The capital city of Komi Republic – Syktyvkar derives its name from the indigenous name for the river by which the town is situated – Syktyv (today Sysola), plus ´kar´ what in Komi language simply means ´city´.
The city, with its highly educated inhabitants, is a center of the cultural life in the Republic of Komi and a location of Syktyvkar State University with both international and national students from all over Russia.
However, most of the Syktyvkar´s inhabitants derive from 19th century exiles and prisoners, including anti – monarchists, kulaks and German soldiers, who were forced to move closer to the Arctic Circle by the Russian government. Nowadays, more than 70 different nationalities live in Syktyvkar and those who were born there, surly have some foreign ancestors.
This northern city with quickly developing economy is the main Russia´s supplier of paper and pulp products. The biggest paper and wood processing companies are located in Syktyvkar.
Without a doubt, the city has a favorable economic climate. In recent years it attracted more than 500 million Euros in foreign investments.
The strategy for rapid socio – economic development has been adapted by the local government. It is expected to last until 2025 and stimulate even more of the investments activities. With the good support from federal government and local community, Syktyvkar slowly becomes the Russian success story.
Nowadays, when travelling to remote and undiscovered places, rather than to the sunny coasts of the South Europe becomes more and more popular, Russia is being seen as the one of the most favored destination. Inspiring landscapes of the far North give an opportunity to discover Russia being more evocative of Jack London rather than of Catherine the Great even though it was the empress who granted Syktyvkar its status.
The video presents the town of Syktyvkar in its cultural beauty. It was shot by Olga Alekseevich, Director of Euro - Arctic Center for International Initiatives at Syktyvkar State University.
(Photo: NASA) Photo on the left was taken 8th of July, the one on the right reflects the data from 12th of July. The white colour reflects Greelandic ice cap and the pink one, areas where the ice is melting.
NASA´s satellites recorded that the Greenlandic ice cap has melted this month over an unusually large area.
Satellites still record the progressing ice melt and scientists predict the disaster. This summer the melting of the Greenlandic ice cover has been reaching its outstanding level.
The melt took place on a larger area than has been detected in three decades of NASA satellite observation.
The melt was even recorded around the Summit Camp, also called the Summit Station which is located approximately 200km from the historical ice sheet camp Eismitte in the Northeast Greenland National Park.
(Photo: National Snow & Ice Data Center) Arctic sea ice 24th of July In just four days the area of thawed surface ice grew from 40% to almost 97% of the entire ice sheet surface. NASA´s scientists comment that nearly the entire Greenlandic ice cap, from its thin, low lying coastal edges to its very thick centre, experienced, to some extent the melt at its surface.
It has been confirmed that such a pronounced melting has not occurred since late 19th century.
It is important to acknowledge that such a process is natural and periodic and it has been occurring long before the possibility of satellite measurements were even invented. However, current changes are more serious and drastic that they have ever been before.
As of yesterday, the total Arctic sea ice extent was 7.30 million square kilometers, which extremely low. Extent is especially low in the Barents, Kara and Laptev seas. At the contrast, the ice level in Chukchi Sea remains at the level close to normal.
The Arctic Portal is pleased to announce that PAGE 21 (Changing Permafrost in the Arctic and its Global Effects in the 21st Century) project has now been active on social media.
We would like to invite everyone to join and follow PAGE 21 on Facebook and Twitter.
The PAGE21 is a Large-scale integrating collaborative project under the ENV call topic "Vulnerability of Arctic permafrost to climate change and implications for global GHG emissions and future climate" (ENV.2011.1.1.3-1) coordinated by Prof. Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten (AWI).
The project aims to understand and quantify the vulnerability of permafrost environments to a changing global climate, and to investigate the feedback mechanisms associated with increasing greenhouse gas emissions from permafrost zones.
This research makes use of a unique set of Arctic permafrost investigations performed at stations that span the full range of Arctic bioclimatic zones. The project brings together the best European permafrost researchers and eminent scientists from Canada, Russia, the USA, and Japan.